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Best Engine Oil: Understand the Importance of Quality, Performance, and Other Factors

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  • Best Engine Oil: Understand the Importance of Quality, Performance, and Other Factors

Understand the Importance of Quality and Performance When it Comes to Choosing the Engine Oil

Engine Oil Quality and Performance

All engines need oil. It lubricates moving parts, helps prevent premature wear, and even helps with heat dissipation. However, there’s a great deal of confusion in the industry today due to the wide range of brands, engine oil manufacturers, price points, formulations, and marketing claims.

Many drivers do not understand the importance of quality and performance when it comes to choosing the best engine oil they use. While buying “budget” options might save you a few dirhams right now, you may end up spending thousands more in the long run due to engine damage from using an inferior product.

Engine Oil Performance

In this post, we will explore what you should know about engine oil, what “quality” means in terms of oil, and the various performance-related factors you should know.

Understanding the Role of Engine Oil

To truly appreciate why quality is important when buying engine oil, it’s necessary to know more about the role of oil within the engine.

Friction Fighter

Engine oil’s primary role is that of friction fighter. Engine components are made of metal and are in constant contact. A micron-thin layer of engine oil is all that stands between those surfaces and overheating through friction, and serious damage. Unlubricated metal surfaces grinding against one another will not last long.

Engine Cooling

Engine Radiator Coolant Fan

Most of the cooling in the engine comes from the radiator fan(s) and the engine coolant circulating through the block. However, engine oil also helps to supplement those cooling systems. As friction in the engine increases, the oil flow from the pan to the top of the engine and then down to the pan again helps to collect and redistribute heat, prolonging engine life.

Cleansing

The internal combustion engine relies on combusting fuel to drive pistons and turn the crankshaft. An unavoidable part of that process is the creation of combustion-related byproducts. These build up within the engine and, if left there, will reduce performance, increase fuel consumption, and decrease engine lifespan. Engine oil collects dirt, dust, debris, and combustion residue, moving these contaminants away from moving parts and then straining and capturing them in the oil filter.

No Corrosion

Internal Combustion Engine Component

If left unprotected, internal engine components would be etched and damaged by the corrosive acid generated by combusting fuel. The thin layer of engine oil over these surfaces helps slow down corrosion. Note that this capability is not inherent to engine oil. It is largely due to the additives in today’s high-quality engine oils, all of which are designed to slow down corrosion. Over time and contact with oxygen, oil can become oxidized and its corrosion-fighting capabilities may diminish. Even high-quality motor oil must be changed regularly.

Benefits of High-Quality Engine Oil

Embosser Stamp for Engine Oil Premium Quality

Choosing the right engine oil can provide many essential benefits, including the following:

Improved Lifespan

Perhaps the most important benefit of high-quality engine oil is that it prolongs the lifespan of an engine. Today’s engines are marvels of technology, featuring unique metal alloys, innovative designs, pollution reduction solutions, and more. However, without engine oil to protect the internal surfaces, the engine would quickly destroy itself.

Increases Fuel Economy

Without fuel to combust, even the most advanced engine is worthless. High-quality engine oil, combined with advanced engine designs and construction materials, help to reduce fuel consumption, providing more power with less fuel. That does more than simply help you drive farther on a tank of petrol or diesel. It helps reduce the consumption of natural resources, as well.

Reduces Maintenance Costs

Engines have many moving parts, all of which are subject to wear and tear. Eventually, that becomes so great that the components will need to be replaced. That applies to obvious things like belts, but also less obvious components, such as pistons and valves. High-quality engine oil helps reduce maintenance costs by increasing the lifespan of those components.

High quality engine oil recommended for purchase

What Engine Oil Is Recommended?

Knowing that you should purchase high-quality engine oil and doing so are often two different things. Consumers are faced with many questions, including what engine oil is recommended? What does “high-quality” really mean when it comes to engine oil? To answer those questions, we’ll need to delve into the Middle East’s lubricant market and the driving forces at work here.

What Does “High Quality” Mean?

Using better oil means less chance of something going wrong with your engine. It means saving thousands of dirhams over the course of the engine’s lifespan through reduced wear and tear, improved functionality, better fuel economy, and other benefits. What does quality mean here, though? It’s easy to tell the difference between a high-quality shirt and a low-quality one, but comparing engine oil is much more difficult than contrasting weaving patterns or fabric thickness.

It’s difficult to tell the difference between good oil and bad oil through a visual comparison (although high-quality oil will tend to have better clarity). So, what we really need to do here is break things down better.

The Question of Impurities

All mineral oil (conventional, petroleum-based oil) starts out the same – as crude oil pumped out of the earth’s surface or recovered from shale formations. It’s black, sticky, and not really something you want to put into your engine because it will just gum up the works.

Engine Oil Refining Process

The refining process is responsible for removing the impurities in oil and creating something usable in today’s engines. However, this is where quality begins to come into play. Low-quality oils are minimally refined. That means they contain more impurities than higher-quality oils. Those impurities will negatively impact the engine over time, reduce the oil’s use life, and cause other problems.

Check Your Owner’s Manual or Oil Filler Cap

Engine Oil Manufacturer Manual

Every engine is designed to use a specific type (weight/formulation) of oil by the engine oil manufacturer. Finding the specifications for your engine (or the engines in your company’s fleet) is the first step in ensuring that you have access to high-quality engine oil.

For instance, your car’s engine might call for 5W30 or 0W30. This is the weight of the oil and is an indication of its viscosity, as well as its ability to perform in heat and cold. In the Middle East, heat is the one to consider – this is the second number. In the example, both types of oil use 30 as the second set of numbers. This indicates that the oil behaves like 30-weight in hot conditions.

Once you have determined the weight of the oil you need to use, it’s possible to move on to the next step – choosing the type of oil. Your owner’s manual will likely be of help here, as well. For instance, you may find that the Engine Oil manufacturer recommends using a fully synthetic formulation or a synthetic blend Engine Oil.

    Full Synthetic, Synthetic Blends, and Conventional Engine Oil

    Once upon a time, conventional engine oil was the only option. This was simply crude oil that was refined to remove impurities. Then, scientists learned to manipulate molecules, and synthetic oil and blends were born. These offer many benefits over conventional oil, including much longer use periods, although synthetic oil does cost more than conventional oil.

    Conventional Engine Oil

    • Pros: Affordable, widely available, formulated for different needs including high-mileage engines.
    • Cons: Less use life (usually changed around every 3,000 miles), does not offer as much protection from damage or wear and tear.

    Synthetic Blend Engine Oil

    • Pros: Less expensive than full synthetic oil and better protection than conventional oil.
    • Cons: Not available in the same range of weights as conventional and fully synthetic oil.

    Full Synthetic Engine Oil

    • Pros: Outstanding lifespan and protection, cost savings over the life of the engine.
    • Cons: Most expensive option, although you save money through reduced oil changes and improved engine protection.

    Which of these is right for you? If your automaker specifies, always go with that specification of weight and oil type. If the automaker does not specify the type (but only weight), it is generally better to go with full synthetic. Full synthetic oil is also one of the primary industry drivers in the Middle East, with new, more advanced formulations continuing to hit the market, as we discuss in another post.

    The Question of High-Quality Conventional Oil

    In the section above, we recommended full synthetic engine oil for most drivers. That’s a great choice for most, but it is not possible for everyone. Older engines and large engines, as well as some fleets, may benefit more from using conventional oil with the right formulation. It’s important that you choose premium conventional engine oil made in the UAE. How do you determine the quality of conventional oil, though?

    Engine Oil Formulation

    Additives

    One of the first things to consider is the number and type of additives in the formulation. The more additives, the better the oil will perform. Ideally, you will find premium conventional oil that includes:

    • Detergent dispersal agents
    • Antioxidant agents
    • Anti-wear agents
    • Corrosion inhibitors

    API Labeling

    In addition to additives, make sure that the oil you choose has API labeling and a designation that fits your vehicle’s age. For instance, an API rating/designation of SP indicates that the engine oil is applicable for newer engines. SN can be used with 2020 and older engines. SM applies to 2010 and older models, while SL applies to 2004 and older engines. SJ applies to engines manufactured in 2001 and before. Note that anything other than SP, SN, SM, SL, and SJ is obsolete.

    The Question of Use

    While many consumers are keeping their cars for longer periods, many seek out high-performance vehicles that offer lots of power output. It should be noted that these will require more protection from engine oil and will usually benefit from full synthetic formulations, rather than synthetic blends or conventional oil.

    High-performance driving generates immense amounts of heat, which requires specially formulated oil products to disperse. It also creates incredible amounts of friction, which would vaporize inferior oil formulations. Always ensure that you consider your intended use for the vehicle and then base your choice of engine oil around that, as well as around manufacturer recommendations.

    Widest Range of Engine Oil Customers

    Choose the Best Engine Oil Manufacturer

    There is no shortage of engine oil manufacturers today. Many global brands can be found with ease. However, it is important to understand that these are not manufactured with the unique climatic and geographic considerations of the Middle East in mind. They are designed to provide good performance to the widest range of customers possible, which could span North America, Southern Europe, and Southeast Asia.

    The UAE, Saudi Arabia, and the surrounding nations have very specific climate-related concerns – high ambient temperatures can drive internal engine temperatures well beyond what global engine oil manufacturers consider when designing their products. Where does that leave you?

    Simply put, it’s always a better decision to use engine oil manufactured in the UAE for Middle Eastern customers. At Armor, we are intimately familiar with the geography and climate of the Middle East and how those factors affect engine performance, lifespan, wear and tear, and other factors. Our premium conventional and high-quality synthetic oils are designed to deliver the protection and peace of mind you need, whether you are putting oil in your personal vehicle, stocking up for fleet maintenance, or readying your racer for a weekend at the track.

      Armor Lubricants is an Emirati establishment who manufactures premium automotive Engine Oil and industrial lubricants using advanced technology. The factory is approved by the American Petroleum Institute (API) and is certified for ISO 9001, ISO 14001, and ISO 45001 for Management, Quality, and Occupational Health and Safety. The company keeps growing and developing their formulas to produce trendy lubricants for modern vehicle requirements and to deliver best in class services in the lubricant industry.



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