- Armor Blog
- Why Heavy-duty Engines Require Specialized Diesel Motor Oils
The importance of lubrication in heavy-duty engines
Lubrication is essential for the proper functioning and durability of heavy-duty engines as it:
- Reduces friction and wear between moving parts
- Prevents corrosion and rust
- Dissipates heat and removes contaminants.
- Improves fuel efficiency and performance by reducing energy losses due to friction
Heavy-duty engines operate under harsh conditions such as high temperatures, pressures, loads and speeds. Therefore, they require high-quality lubricants that can withstand these challenges and provide adequate protection and lubricity.
The Difference Between Regular Diesel motor and Heavy-Duty Diesel engine
Regular diesel motors and heavy-duty diesel motors are different types of engines that use the same fuel to operate.
Regular diesel Engines are usually found in light-duty vehicles such as cars and trucks that weigh less than 10,000 pounds.
Heavy-duty diesel motors on the other hand, are typically used in:
- Industrial equipment
- Agricultural equipment
- Construction equipment
- Power generators
- Manufacturing equipment
- Commercial vehicles that weigh over 10,000 pounds
Some of the main distinction between these two types of engines are:
The size and weight
Heavy-duty diesel motors are larger and heavier than regular diesel motors because they have more cylinders, valves, pistons, injectors, and even turbochargers to handle higher loads and pressures.
The power output
Heavy-duty diesel motors produce more horsepower and torque than regular diesel motors because they have higher compression ratios, fuel injection pressures, boost pressures, and displacement volumes.
The fuel efficiency
Heavy-duty diesel motors consume more fuel than regular diesel motors because they have higher fuel consumption rates per unit of power output. However, both of them are more efficient than gasoline engines due to having lower thermal losses and better combustion characteristics.
What to look for in lubricants for your heavy-duty engines
Diesel engine oil is a type of lubricant that protects diesel engines against wear, corrosion, deposits and other complications. Diesel engine oil has some key properties that make it suitable for heavy-duty engines, such as:
High viscosity performance
Diesel engine oil can resist shearing and maintain its thickness under high pressure and temperature conditions.
Diesel engine oil can withstand chemical and thermal breakdowns and prevent sludge formation.
Diesel engine oil can reduce oil consumption and emissions by minimizing evaporation losses.
Long drain intervals
Diesel engine oil can extend the time between oil changes by offering better protection and durability.
These properties help diesel engine oil to cope with the higher demands of diesel combustion and improve the performance, efficiency and longevity of diesel engines.
How to choose the right diesel motor oil for your heavy-duty engine
Choosing the right diesel motor oil for your heavy-duty engine is crucial for its performance and longevity. Diesel engines require different types of oil than gasoline engines, because they operate under higher pressures and temperatures. The right oil will protect your engine from wear, corrosion, deposits, and sludge.
There are several factors to consider when choosing diesel motor oil, such as:
The viscosity grade
You should use the viscosity grade recommended by your engine manufacturer for the expected ambient temperatures, especially during cold starts.
The performance level
Look for oils that have API (American Petroleum Institute) certification for diesel engines, such as CK-4 or FA-4. These oils are designed to handle modern diesel engines with low emissions and high efficiency.
The synthetic or conventional type
Synthetic oils are made from artificially modified base oils that offer better protection and performance than conventional oils. They can withstand higher temperatures, resist oxidation and sludge formation, and extend drain intervals. However, they are also more expensive than conventional oils. You should weigh the benefits and costs of synthetic oils for your engine needs.
To choose the right diesel motor oil for your heavy-duty engine, you should always follow the recommendations of your engine manufacturer and check your owner’s manual for the proper viscosity grade, performance level, and type of oil. and not neglect changing oil regularly. By doing so, you will ensure that your engine runs smoothly and efficiently for a long time.